یکشنبه، 26 آبان 1398 / 2019 November 17
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Structure of the Assembly of Experts

Structure of the Assembly of Experts

The Assembly of Experts is comprised of two parts, the Administrative Board and commissions:

The Assembly of Experts has two types of Administrative Board: the [ceremonial] Elderly Administrative Board and the Term Administrative Board

Members of the Elderly Administrative Board are elected in the first session of the Assembly based on the age of the representatives. The oldest representative is appointed as the elderly chairman, the next eldest representative as the vice chairman, and the two youngest experts as secretaries.

The elderly Administrative Board has the following duties:

-managing the inaugural session

-conducting the Oath Ceremony

-Running the election of Term Administrative Board

As soon as the members of the Administrative Board are elected, the elderly Administrative Board has accomplished its duty since it is in charge only in the first session of a term. The elected Administrative Board consists of the chairman, two vice chairmen, two secretaries, and two assistants who will be appointed for two years through secret votes.  

The chairman is elected through absolute majority of votes of present experts; but vice chairmen, secretaries, and assistants are elected independently through a relative majority of secret votes. If none of the candidates obtains the absolute majority of votes, the election will be held again and one of the two candidates who have gotten the most votes, will be elected through relative majority of votes. In electing the chairman, if the majority of votes on one candidate is not achieved, then there will be another election between the two persons holding the majority of votes and the chairman will be elected based on a relative majority. The chairman of the Assembly, in addition to managing sessions, supervises administrative, financial, employment, and organizational affairs of the Assembly. He must, through regular contacts with the Supreme Leader, helps the Assembly to fulfill its duties. He signs the Assembly’s statutes and hands them over to the related organizations. He must an annual report on the performance of the Administrative Board to the Assembly of Experts.    

In order to carry out scholarly researches and provide reports to be presented in official sessions, the following commissions have been established in the Assembly of Experts:

Constitution’s Article 108 commission is established to draft laws for the Assembly including the Assembly’s elections and its internal regulations. It has 11 permanent and 4 changeable members.

It manages financial and administrative affairs of the Assembly and has 9 permanent and 3 changeable members.

To prepare the experts for implementing Article 107 and also understand conditions and qualifications mentioned in Articles 5 and 109, a commission consisting of 11 permanent and 4 changeable members is established to study conditions and qualifications of the [current] Supreme Leader and those potentially eligible for leadership and submit their analysis to the Administrative Board. The reports of this commission are confidential and are saved as classified documents and, without the Assembly’s statute, they will not be available to anyone outside the Assembly, except for the sitting Supreme Leader.  

The socio-political commission has been established so that the members of the Assembly will constantly be aware of the important national and international events, especially regarding political, cultural, administrative, and economic affairs. The commission must hold sessions and invite officials and anyone in charge of political, security, cultural, economic, and social affairs to discuss important national and international issues, which are indirectly related to the duties of the Assembly especially those mentioned in Articles 107 and 109 of the constitution, and presenting their reports to the Administrative Board so that the members of the Assembly will be informed of in the first future meeting.

The commission has been established to implement Article 111 of the Constitution and supervise maintenance of the Supreme Leader’s qualifications mentioned in Articles 5 and 109 and also make decisions if he loses one of his qualifications.  

The commission’s researches and talks are confidential. The Assembly of Experts inspects the Supreme Leader’s qualifications and actions in this commission. The commission must obtain, within breadth of Islamic rulings, necessary information regarding Article 111 and investigates related reports. Other members of the Assembly report about the issues concerning Article 111 to this commission. After investigation, if the commission is not convinced to organize a meeting for the Assembly, it will consult with member or members who had reported the information and will give them explanations. In case they are not convinced and if most of the members request, an emergency meeting will be scheduled.

  1. Welayat-e Faqih (guardianship of Islamic Jurisprudent)

The commission has been established to study efficient methods for protecting the principle of Welayat-e Faqih. The commission’s most important duties are offering suggestions to the Administrative Board concerning the following issues:

  1. Welayat-e Faqih, compiling and publishing such studies, and providing answers for frequent questions [regarding the principle of Welayat-e Faqih]
  2. Welayat-e Faqih to academic societies inside and outside the country and to common people
  3. Welayat-e Faqih in different levels for students of schools and universities, and also mass media especially television and suggesting practical strategies to the Administrative Board of the Assembly.